Joao Bernardo Vieira
Summary: president of Guinea-Bissau who ruled the tiny West African nation for 23 of the past 29 years when he came to power in a 1980 military coup but was forced out in 1999 at the onset of the impoverished country's civil war, and who later returned from exile in Portugal to win the country's 2005 presidential election.
Cause of Death: Shot to death during an assassination
Born: April 27, 1939
Died: March 2, 2009
Location: Bissau, Guinea-Bissau