Ali Abdullah Saleh
Summary: former president of Yemen from 1990 to 2012 known as a survivor of Middle Eastern politics who had ruled for more than 30 years and re-emerged to play a major role in his country's civil war, who was a manipulator of Yemen's tribal politics who once likened his presidency to "dancing on the heads of snakes", but his Machiavellian skills and good luck finally ran out, whose long tenure as leader of the poorest Arab country, which suffered periodic warfare and became a hotbed for Al Qaeda, was universally seen as corrupt and unprincipled, interested mainly in wealth and power for himself and his relatives, whom he installed in powerful posts.
Cause of Death: Killed in an explosion
Born: March 21, 1942
Died: December 4, 2017
Location: Sanaa, Yemen