Summary: sole survivor of the World War II-era Struma disaster that killed 781 Jewish refugees and 10 crew members when the Soviet submarine Shch-213 torpedoed and sank the Holocaust refugee ship MV Sturma in the Black Sea in the early morning of February 24, 1942 in an incident that was long-known among Jews as the "Holocaust at Sea" or the "Jewish Titanic".
Cause of Death: Complications from a heart ailment
Born: October 31, 1922
Died: May 1, 2014
Location: Bend, Oregon