Summary: Polish last president of the Polish government-in-exile in London that for 45 years kept alive Poland's hopes of freedom during the Communist rule who took over the post when his predecessor died suddenly in July 1989, just when Communist hegemony was collapsing in Poland and the rest of eastern Europe, and who remained in office until December 22, 1990 when he handed his presidential insignia to Lech Walesa, the first freely elected president of post-Communist Poland.
Cause of Death: Airplane accident
Born: November 26, 1919
Died: April 10, 2010
Location: Smolensk, Russia